Category Archives: Heart Care

How Gender can be a risk factor for Heart diseases

 

What is it The men under age 50 have a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease than women in the same range of age . After the menopause , the rate of heart disease in women is increased by the disappearance of the defense that provided estrogen.

What to do Although our sex is not a modifiable factor, we can always act on other elements that will help us reduce the likelihood of cardiovascular disease: balanced diet, regular exercise and abstinence from snuff.

Three out of ten deaths that occur in the female population of our country is directly related to heart health. This fact is unknown to most women, more usually concerned about diseases like breast cancer or osteoporosis.

More information on sex / gender as a marker of cardiovascular risk .

 

List of major cardiovascular risk factors

 

Age What is it The age is a risk factor for cardiovascular premier. The passing of the years increases the chance of cardiovascular disease appear, and what is worse, that his prognosis is increasingly negative.
What to do With age the probability that a person coexist several risk factors rises. Caring for hypertension or diabetes is particularly important in the population over 65 years.

Cardioconsejo. The heart failure has its highest incidence and prevalence among people over age . The changes inherent in the process of aging favor its appearance, so it is essential to improve lifestyle to maintain health and slow the progression of the disease.

More information age as a marker of cardiovascular risk .

Race

What is it In this case, the main difference between races is its distinct prevalence of risk factors. For example, numerous studies suggest a greater willingness of people of African Americans to suffer from hypertension. Moreover, it seems clear that its incidence has a worse prognosis in this population. Other studies have associated a lower risk of myocardial infarction in Asian countries , and yet a higher percentage of stroke.

What to do The race is not a modifiable factor, but we can always act on other elements that will help us reduce the likelihood of cardiovascular disease.

Cardioconsejo. In some cases it is difficult to distinguish whether the increased impact of heart disease in particular race is due to genetics or environmental factors or sociocultural.
More information about race as a marker of cardiovascular risk .

 

What is CRP in heart ailments

 

What is it Epidemiological studies suggest that inflammation of atherosclerotic plaques is a phenomenon that precedes acute heart or brain attacks. The C reactive protein (CRP) in the blood is in response to inflammation, so may be considered as a marker of existence of inflammatory phenomena, and therefore a clear marker of cardiovascular risk .

What to do The measurement of plasma concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP) can provide a method for the detection of people at high risk of plaque rupture and acute cardiovascular attacks.

Cardioconsejo. At present there are highly sensitive assay systems that allow us to assess the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) , which, together with the detection of other risk factors, significantly improves the prediction of future cardiovascular disease .

More information on C-reactive protein (CRP) as a marker of cardiovascular risk .

 

How drugs can cause heart diseases

 

What is it The drugs are substances whose use can lead to dependence, which are used for stimulation or depression of the central nervous system and result in a disruption in the function of judgment, behavior or mood of the person. Moreover, its dangerous impact on our cardiovascular system is scientifically proven.

What to do The different types of drugs often cause different effects, but always harmful, on our hearts. The cocaine and ecstasy , for example, are responsible for tachycardia, vasoconstriction and elevated blood pressure. For its part, the cannabis causes bradycardia and hypotension.

We must never forget that drugs are highly harmful to health substances that generate an individual and social harm. Spain is the EU country with the highest consumption of cocaine , and what is more worrying, the largest increase among young people. An estimated 4-6% of Spanish adolescents aged 15 to 16 consume cocaine .

More information on drugs as a marker of cardiovascular risk .

Heart rate

What is it Some studies in healthy populations and in hypertensive patients with ischemic heart disease or heart failure, demonstrate an association between heart rate and risk of death. Accordingly, the higher the heart rate , lower life expectancy. The heart rate at rest normally between 50 and 100 beats per minute.

What to do It is best to practice physical exercise regularly. It is estimated that every 1-2 weeks of aerobic training could get a reduction in heart rate at rest for one beat per minute.

Cardioconsejo. The heart rate is measured by taking the pulse at the wrist. As the level of activity influences the results, we must always measure seated, at rest and in a warm atmosphere. We do not drink caffeine or exciting in the hours before the measurement.
More information on heart rate as a marker of cardiovascular risk .
Obesity and overweight / abdominal circumference

What is it The obesity and overweight center, abdominal or android (ie, the accumulated fat in the abdomen) has worse consequences for metabolism, since it contributes to the development of diabetes and gout. Besides those who suffer obesity have high potential to accumulate fat in other vital organs, which favors the emergence of cardiovascular disease.

What to do physical exercise regularly and follow a heart-healthy diet. Moderate weight loss (about 10% of body weight or 5-10 kilos) can decrease the risk of heart disease.

Cardioconsejo. To measure the waist circumference should be standing, expel air from the lungs and encircle the abdomen with the metric tape the navel. There obesity center when the waist circumference is greater than 88 cm in women and 102 cm in men. It is also advisable to measure the body mass index (BMI) , an indicator of the degree of overweight and obesity that is very reliable except in extreme high and in people with a highly developed muscle mass. The healthy range of body mass index (BMI) should be included between 18 and 25.

More information on obesity and overweight / abdominal circumference as a marker of cardiovascular risk .