How drugs can cause heart diseases

 

What is it The drugs are substances whose use can lead to dependence, which are used for stimulation or depression of the central nervous system and result in a disruption in the function of judgment, behavior or mood of the person. Moreover, its dangerous impact on our cardiovascular system is scientifically proven.

What to do The different types of drugs often cause different effects, but always harmful, on our hearts. The cocaine and ecstasy , for example, are responsible for tachycardia, vasoconstriction and elevated blood pressure. For its part, the cannabis causes bradycardia and hypotension.

We must never forget that drugs are highly harmful to health substances that generate an individual and social harm. Spain is the EU country with the highest consumption of cocaine , and what is more worrying, the largest increase among young people. An estimated 4-6% of Spanish adolescents aged 15 to 16 consume cocaine .

More information on drugs as a marker of cardiovascular risk .

Heart rate

What is it Some studies in healthy populations and in hypertensive patients with ischemic heart disease or heart failure, demonstrate an association between heart rate and risk of death. Accordingly, the higher the heart rate , lower life expectancy. The heart rate at rest normally between 50 and 100 beats per minute.

What to do It is best to practice physical exercise regularly. It is estimated that every 1-2 weeks of aerobic training could get a reduction in heart rate at rest for one beat per minute.

Cardioconsejo. The heart rate is measured by taking the pulse at the wrist. As the level of activity influences the results, we must always measure seated, at rest and in a warm atmosphere. We do not drink caffeine or exciting in the hours before the measurement.
More information on heart rate as a marker of cardiovascular risk .
Obesity and overweight / abdominal circumference

What is it The obesity and overweight center, abdominal or android (ie, the accumulated fat in the abdomen) has worse consequences for metabolism, since it contributes to the development of diabetes and gout. Besides those who suffer obesity have high potential to accumulate fat in other vital organs, which favors the emergence of cardiovascular disease.

What to do physical exercise regularly and follow a heart-healthy diet. Moderate weight loss (about 10% of body weight or 5-10 kilos) can decrease the risk of heart disease.

Cardioconsejo. To measure the waist circumference should be standing, expel air from the lungs and encircle the abdomen with the metric tape the navel. There obesity center when the waist circumference is greater than 88 cm in women and 102 cm in men. It is also advisable to measure the body mass index (BMI) , an indicator of the degree of overweight and obesity that is very reliable except in extreme high and in people with a highly developed muscle mass. The healthy range of body mass index (BMI) should be included between 18 and 25.

More information on obesity and overweight / abdominal circumference as a marker of cardiovascular risk .